Application Specific Integrated Circuit. A circuit designed for a specific application, as opposed to a general purpose circuit, such as a microprocessor. Using ASICs as components in electronic devices can improve performance, reduce power consumption, increase safety and reduce costs.
High-speed transmission. The term is used to define the speed of communication lines or services and most commonly refers to T1 (1.544 Mbit/s) rates or better, even though the actual rate may be much lower or higher, depending on the application.
A cookie is a piece of text that a web site can store on your computer to enable it to recognize you when you return to the site.
Digital Signal Processor. This is a circuit that is specially designed for digital signals in processor-intensive applications, such as wireless communications links and image processing. DSP circuits are often used in consumer products, such as mobile phones, faxes and digital TVs.
Digital Versatile Disc. An optic disc with the same physical size as a CD but with significantly greater storage capacity.
A family of standards for wireless LANs. The 802.11 standard supports 1 or 2 Mbit/s transmission on the 2.4 GHz band. IEEE 802.11b specifies an 11 Mbit/s data rate on the 2.4 GHz band, while 802.11a allows up to 54 Mbit/s on the 5 GHz band.
Internet Protocol. A network and transport protocol used for exchanging data over the Internet. See also TCP/IP.
Linux is an open source operating system within the Unix family. Because of its robustness and availability, Linux has won popularity in the open source community and among commercial application developers.
Multi-Function Peripheral. Hardware that combines several functions in a single unit, such as a combined fax, copier, printer and scanner.
Personal Digital Assistant. A handheld computer that provides a calendar and organizer for personal information. A PDA normally contains at least one database with names and addresses, to-do lists and a notepad.
A thin server that connects a printer to a network and allows users to share the printer. It may be a separate unit or a plug-in card in the printer.
A set of formalized rules that describe how data is transmitted over a network. Low-level protocols define the electrical and physical standard, while high-level protocols deal with formatting of data. TCP and IP are examples
of high-level LAN protocols.
A computer or software application that provides services to other computers connected via a network. The most common example is a file server that has a local disk and handles requests from clients to read and write files on
System on a chip (SOC)
An ASIC that is specially developed to meet the requirements of a given application in which the objective is to integrate most functionality on a single chip, thereby realizing benefits in terms of price, performance and reliability. Examples of functions that are often integrated in an SOC are microprocessors, memory and interfaces.
Transmission Control Protocol over Internet Protocol. The TCP/IP protocol defines how data can be transmitted in a secure manner between networks. TCP/IP is the most widely used communications standard and is the basis for the Internet.
A network-based device that is designed to perform a specialized set of server functions, such as a print server or NAS (Network Attached Storage). A thin server offloads general-purpose application servers and makes using the network more efficient by providing functionality that is easier to install and more reliable than a conventional server.
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